Yazisa, Ukuxhobisa, Qhagamshela

 

uluhlu lwamagama

Ukufunyaniswa ukuba unomhlaza kunokuziva ngathi kufuneka ufunde ulwimi olutsha. Apha ungafumana iinkcazo zamagama anokuthi asetyenziswe ngugqirha wakho.

B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U V W X Y Z

 

A

Unyango lweAdjuvant: – Unyango olongezelelweyo olunikezelweyo ukunciphisa amathuba okubuya komhlaza.

Ukukhutshwa – Ukususwa kwelungu okanye isiphelo inxalenye ngotyando.

Umntu ongahlaseli –Inxalenye yokhuselo lomzimba olubona izinto ezingekhoyo emzimbeni kwaye luncamathele kuzo kuquka iiseli zomhlaza.

Iantigen – Isiphawuli kumphezulu weseli eyaziwa ngokuba 'yasemzini' yinkqubo yomzimba yokuzikhusela.

 

B  

Biopsy – Inkqubo yonyango ebandakanya ukususa inani elincinci lethishu emzimbeni ethi ke ihlolwe phantsi kwe-microscope.

Biomarker – Imolekyuli emzimbeni engabonisa imeko ethile okanye inkqubo emzimbeni.

C

Cancer – Isifo apho iiseli ziyahlukana kwaye zikhule ngokungalawulekiyo kwaye zinokusasazeka kwezinye iindawo zomzimba.

UCannula – Ityhubhu eguquguqukayo efakwe kwi-vein enenaliti encinci, enokuthi isetyenziswe ukuhambisa iyeza.

Umgca ophakathi – Ityhubhu eguquguqukayo efakwe kwimithambo emikhulu esifubeni. Oku kunokuhlala endaweni iiveki/iinyanga kwaye kungasetyenziselwa ukunika amayeza kunye novavanyo lwegazi.

Inkqubo yeCentral Nervous – Ingqondo kunye nomnqonqo.

Inkqubo yokusetyenziswa kovelwano– Amachiza angekhoyo ngoku anelayisensi ye-osteosarcoma kodwa anokunikezelwa xa kungekho olunye unyango olusebenzayo.

Gqibezela Impendulo – Xa umhlaza unyamalala ngokupheleleyo emva konyango.

D

DNA – I-molecule equlethe ulwazi lwemfuza eyenza ube ngumntu onguye.

Uphononongo lokuNyuswa kwethamo – Ulingo apho ithamo lechiza linyuswa kude kufumaneke idosi ephezulu ekhuselekileyo.  

E

I-enzyme -Iimolekyuli emzimbeni ezikhawulezisa ukusabela kweekhemikhali.

Iimpawu zokungabikho – Uluhlu lweempawu ezimisela ukuba ngubani na ongakwaziyo ukujoyina ulingo lwezonyango.

Ufikelelo olwandisiweyo – Amachiza angekhoyo ngoku anelayisensi ye-osteosarcoma kodwa anokunikezelwa xa kungekho olunye unyango olusebenzayo.

F

Ukhula – Ukukwazi ukuba nabantwana.

Unyango lomgca wokuqala – Ukhetho lokuqala lonyango.

G

kwiBanga – Iiseli zomhlaza zikhula ngokukhawuleza kwaye ziyahlukana.

I

Inkqubo yomzimba – Inkqubo emzimbeni elwa usulelo.

I-Immunocompromised – Umntu osesichengeni sokufumana usulelo. Oku kunokubangelwa sisifo okanye unyango.

I-Immunosuppressed – Umntu osesichengeni sokufumana usulelo. Oku kunokubangelwa sisifo okanye unyango.

Iingqinisiso zokufakwa -Uluhlu lweempawu ezibonisa ukuba ngubani onokujoyina ulingo lwezonyango.

Ukuxhamla – Ulwelo olufana neyeza elifakwe emithanjeni.

Isithinteli – Iyeza elivimba okanye elinciphisa umsebenzi weprotheyini ethile.

Isigulana – Xa umntu elele esibhedlele ngelixa efumana unyango.

Efakwa – Iyeza elinikwa emthanjeni.

L

weNgingqi – Umhlaza obekwe kwindawo apho waqala wavela khona.

M

UNyango loLondolozo – Unyango olunikwa ukuthintela umhlaza ukuba ungaqhubeli phambili okanye ubuye.

Ububi– Elinye igama lokuchaza iiseli zomhlaza: iiseli ezikhula kwaye zahlule ngokungalawulekiyo kwaye zinokusasazeka kwezinye iindawo zomzimba.

Ukudlulela – Iiseli zomhlaza zisasazeke ukusuka kwindawo apho zaphuhla ziye kwamanye amalungu omzimba.

Iqela lezinto ezininzi – Iqela leengcali zonyango ezidibanayo ukucwangcisa unyango lomntu.

 

N

Unyango lwe-Neo-Adjuvant – Unyango olunikwe ukucutha ithumba phambi konyango oluphambili (ngokuqhelekileyo utyando).

Neutropenic – Ubalo lweeseli ezimhlophe zegazi eliphantsi.

 

O

Oncologist – Ugqirha ojongene nomhlaza.

Ugqirha waseOrpedical – Ugqirha ojongene nokunyanga iimeko ezinxulumene namathambo.

Ingaphandle – Xa umntu efumana unyango esibhedlele kodwa angalali ubusuku bonke.

 

P

Unyango lwabantwana – Ukwenza nabantwana.

Ugqirha wabantwana – Oogqirha abalawula iimeko ezichaphazela abantwana.

Ukuthantamisa -Unyango okanye ukhathalelo oluyilelwe ukunceda ukulawula iimpawu zemeko kodwa ungayinyangi.

Isigaba – Amanqanaba ahlukeneyo olingo lwezonyango ekufuneka enziwe ukuphanda ichiza elitsha. Inqanaba loku-1 linqanaba lokuqala ngelixa inqanaba lesi-4 linqanaba lokugqibela. Funda ngakumbi malunga nezigaba Apha.

Impendulo Engaphelelanga – Xa ithumba lisiba lincinci emva konyango kodwa alipheli ngokupheleleyo.

Placebo – Unyango olungasebenziyo olunikwa ngexesha lolingo lwezonyango kwaye luthelekiswe nechiza elinomdla ukubona ukuba lisebenza kangakanani na ichiza. Ichiza le-placebo liya kufana nechiza elisebenzayo ukuze abathathi-nxaxheba kulingo bangazi ukuba leliphi ichiza abalifumanayo, elinokuchaphazela iziphumo. Awuyi kunikwa i-placebo ngokwayo ukuba ufuna unyango olusebenzayo lwe-osteosarcoma yakho.

Iiplatelets – Iiseli egazini ezinceda ukunqanda ukopha.

Emva kokusebenza – Emva kotyando

Ukuqhubela phambili ukusinda simahla – Ixesha elide umntu ephila nesifo somhlaza kodwa asibi mandundu.

Ukuthintela – Unyango olunikezelweyo ukuthintela ukuba kwenzeke into.

Ukufakelwa -Isixhobo esenzelwe ukubuyisela ilungu lomzimba elingekhoyo.

protein – Ifunyenwe kwiiseli kwaye ifuneka kuphuhliso, ukukhula kunye nokusebenza kwemizimba yethu.

I-Pulmonary Metastasis – Iiseli zomhlaza ezithe zanwenwela emiphungeni.

 

R

Okwangoku – Umhlaza onyangwayo kodwa ubuye.

I khankanya – Umhlaza ongaphenduliyo kunyango.

Ukubuyela kwakhona – Umhlaza onyangwayo kodwa ubuye.

Uxolelo – Xa kungasekho bungqina bomhlaza emzimbeni womntu.

Ukubanjwa kwakhona – Ukususwa ngotyando kwamathumba.

 

S

Isifo esizinzileyo – Umhlaza ongahambiyo okanye ongahambiyo.

Isigaba – Indlela yokubonakalisa ubungakanani kunye nokusasazeka komhlaza kunye nokunceda ukukhokela unyango.

Uhlobo lo kufunda - Kukho iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zezilingo ezenziwa ukuphendula iindidi ezahlukeneyo zemibuzo. Funda ngakumbi malunga neentlobo zokufunda Apha.

Inkqubo – Ichaphazela wonke umzimba.

 

T

Tissue -Iqela elilungelelanisiweyo leeseli ezisebenza kunye ukwenza umsebenzi.

Ukuxhamla – Ubuninzi beeseli ezikhula apho zingafanelanga ukuba zibekho. Amathumba anokuba yingozi okanye ayingozi. I-Benign tumors ayisasazeki kwamanye amalungu omzimba ngelixa amathumba anobungozi anomhlaza kwaye anamandla okusasazeka.

 

"Kula nxibelelwano phakathi kwesigulana neqela kunye nam kunye nentsebenziswano phakathi kokunyamekela umntwana ofikisayo nabazali bakhe kunye nosapho lonke ndiye ndalufumana lunomvuzo ngokwenene."

UGqr Sandra StraussUCL

Joyina incwadana yethu yeendaba yekota ukuze uhlale unolwazi ngophando lwamva nje, iminyhadala kunye nezibonelelo.